Genesis 3:15 contains the promise of the redemption of mankind after the Fall of Adam and Eve.  The Incarnation of the Christ was the manifestation of the promise and it was fulfilled with Jesus Christ's sacrificial death and glorious resurrection.  The New Testament portrays Jesus as the "Second Adam" whose obedience and sacrificial death on the cross undo Adam's disobedience [see Romans 5:12-21 and 1 Corinthians 15:45-49].  Jesus, the Second Adam, triumphed over the same temptations to which the first Adam fell into sin.


TEMPTATION: The first and second Adams contrasted:

1 John 2:16

Genesis 3:6

Luke 4:1-13

"If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father finds no place in him..."

The First Adam: "Did God really say you were not to eat from any of the trees...?"

Second Adam = Jesus

of Nazareth: "Then the devil said to Him...

the lust of the flesh:

"disordered bodily desires"

"The woman saw the tree was good to eat.."

"tell this stone to turn into a loaf"

the lust of the eyes:

"disordered desires of the eyes"

"..and pleasing to the eye,


"the devil...showed Him all the kingdoms of the world"

the pride of life:

"pride in possession"

"that it was enticing for the wisdom that it could give."

"If you are the Son ...throw Yourself down from here"

Michal Hunt, Copyright © 2006 Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved.


In Romans 5:15-19 St. Paul contrasts Adam and Christ as "alike" but "unalike"



Both Adam and Christ had an affect upon the whole human race

Sin and death came from Adam while righteousness and life came from Christ

Both endured the temptation of Satan

Adam failed and Christ was victorious

Through both Adam and Christ humanity receives an "inheritance"

Through Adam's failure humanity inherits death, original sin and personal sin becomes a plague on mankind. Through Christ's victory humanity inherits adoption into God family and the promise of eternal life.

Both were human men

Jesus was both human and divine

Both the acts of Adam and Jesus invoke a divine verdict

Satan stood behind the act of Adam while the grace of God stood behind Christ; the verdict behind Adam's act is judgment while the verdict behind Jesus' is acquittal

Both Adam and Jesus exercised their free will

Adam willingly fell from grace and Jesus willingly laid down His life in sacrifice for all mankind

Both were born into the world as sinless and immortal beings

Adam lost his immortality when he fell from grace while Jesus remained pure and sinless and through His sacrifice and Resurrection has made God's gift of immortality once again available to man

Michal Hunt, Copyright © 2006 Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved.


Just as there is a Second Adam there is also a Second Eve.  Mary, the Virgin Mother of Christ is the Second Eve.  Just as the First Eve cooperated in the Fall of man so the Second Eve cooperated in the redemption and salvation of the entire human race.


SALVATION: The two Eves contrasted:



Daughter of the first Covenant

Daughter of the Sinai Covenant

Pledged obedience under the covenant

Pledged obedience under the covenant

Eve's disobedience resulted in the fall into sin of the entire human race.  The result was death, physically and spiritually.

Mary's obedience to God resulted in the offer of the gift of salvation to the entire human race.  The result was eternal life


Catechism of the Catholic Church# 494  ".....'Being obedient she became the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race.' Hence not a few of the early Fathers gladly assert 'The knot of Eve's disobedience was united by Mary's obedience: what the virgin Eve bound through her disbelief, Mary loosened by her faith.' Comparing her with Eve, they call Mary 'the Mother of the living' and frequently claim" 'Death through Eve, life through Mary."

[CCC quoting St. Irenaeus, Epiphanius, and St. Jerome]